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Stages Of Bloom For Roses

24 Aug

The Redneck Rosarian

I often receive tweets on the #RoseChat Twitter stream regarding the stages of bloom for roses. I was out in the garden yesterday and came across a spray of blooms and it struck me that we have all stages of blooms represented here. I hope the photos below will demonstrate the three basic stages of bloom for roses. The one not marked, I would call “unfurling”.. Is that a word??? (yes, thanks Mr. Webster)

 

THIS WEEKEND ON ROSE CHAT RADIO:

We’ll be chatting with Kristen Smith, Plant Expert at STAR Roses & Plants. There new rose, ‘Francis Meilland’ has won top honors this year. The best part: It was tested under NO SPRAY conditions and still won! Wow! Can’t wait to hear more about this beauty..

Saturday 8/25/2012 – 9:30 am CST or anytime thereafter on-demand just click HERE to listen.

 

Oh, there was a great article published in…

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Roses are Red & More

16 Aug

Not sure which type of rose is the best for you? Here is a brief explanation between the different varieties available. It’s wonderful living in Portland, the City of Roses, as all of them have a perfect place & purpose in our beautiful city!

Dennis’ 7 Dees has a thousands of roses and hundreds of varieties

Shrub  – low growing rose buses that are generally disease resistant and continual bloomers. Good addition to any garden.  Blooms June-November.

Shrub Rose

Floribunda –   matures to 4ish feet on average. Florabundas are characterized by clusters of blooms. Repeat blooms through summer. Many are disease resistant. Variety of colors available.

Grandiflora – taller variety that can be single stem or clusters. Perfect for the gardener who is looking for some height in their garden as these grow to 5-6 feet. Similar to classic hybrid tea with a little more height.

Grandiflora

Hybrid tea– the classic rose for the rose gardener. Large single stem cut rose. If you enter rose shows this is the one that will win the queen of the show. Available in a rainbow of colors. You will find your hybrid teas to the most fragrant in the garden!

Rugosa– old fashioned rose that is hearty to -5 and does well at the coast. Emits the classic spicy rose fragrance. These roses will thrive in the garden without a whole lot of maintenance.

David Austin (English) Hybrid Tea X Rigosa – David Austin has taken the classic old fashioned rose and hybridized it to repeat bloom while conserving the classic fragrance. A modern rose with the fragrance and look of old European varieties.

David Austin – English Rose

David Austin – English Rose

Tree– on a 36” graft. Great addition to the patio for a small tree that blooms all summer. Also an excellent choice for a container.

Tree Rose

Patio– short version of a tree rose. A bit lower graft.

Mini – under 2’ tall. Perfect plant for the gardener that loves roses but has limited space. Although this variety is small, it produces plentiful booms.

Miniature Rose

Climbers – for the arbor or fence you are looking to smother in color. Comes in a variety of colors and many varieties bloom all summer. Ask our staff how to make your climbing rose bloom prolifically from top to bottom.

Ground cover – low growing rose. Many varieties are nearly disease free. Used commonly on hillsides and slopes that are hard to maintain. Bloom & bloom & bloom and then bloom some more!

Celebrate Living in The City of Roses

26 Jul

by Linda Kay Harrison

Warm, sunny summer days and beautiful cool evenings are part of why we love Portland.  It’s also why roses love Portland, and Portland loves it’s roses in return.  So much so, that we’ve made one of the largest festivals in the Pacific Northwest to celebrate the beauty, grace, and elegance of the rose. For over one hundred years, Portland truly has been The City of Roses.

Sugar Moon – 2012 people’s choice as most fragrant

With the largest selection of roses in the Portland area, Dennis 7 Dees is the place to buy those roses.  We are also the ONLY place where you can buy the Royal Rosarian, the 2012 Rose Festival Rose of the Year.   We also have the Sugar Moon rose, which won the 2012 People’s Choice Award for Most Fragrant Rose.

Roses are one of the only shrubs that bloom ALL summer long.  They can begin in late May and bloom until frost. Their sweet, spicy scent will perfume your yard or patio.  As cut flowers, they have no equal. There are hundreds of varieties in different sizes, colors and fragrance levels.  With a few simple tips from one of our rose experts, your roses will bloom and thrive with ease.

Dennis 7 Dees has the expert advice and all the rose care supplies you’ll need for your own back yard celebration of living in The City of Roses. And,…right now, we have all our roses on sale!  Buy two roses, get one FREE!  That is something to celebrate!

Each year we start with a stock of 10,000+ roses and 500 different varieties

Rose Care 101

31 May

CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS

A little advanced preparation goes a long way when it comes to growing healthy roses. Choose a well-drained site in an area of your garden that receives 6 hours or more of sun per day. Roses enjoy soil that contains plenty of composted organic material. One good solution is to use Rose Planting Mix at the time of planting and/or mix Black Forest compost into the planting hole and surrounding area. Prior to planting, make sure your rose is fully hydrated; give it ample water and allow time for the roots to take it up. Should you be planting more than one rose bush, or adding more to your collection, ensure that there is plenty of room between them for proper air circulation. Clean up any debris on the ground prior to planting.

SELECTION

There are many types and varieties of roses–how will you choose? Give thought to some desired characteristics: fragrance, flower color and size, disease resistance, and form— miniature, bush, climbing and old garden roses. Once you have concluded what your criteria are, you are ready to choose a rose that fits your needs.

CARE OF ROSES

  • Once you have planted your rose the commitment begins! Carefully examine your rose bushes for any signs of insect, disease or horticultural problems (see below for some common examples).
  • Fertilize your rose(s) once per month during the growing season.
  • Ensure good air circulation between the rose and other plants.
  • Maintain a regular watering schedule; variables such as the season, weather, exposure, plant size and type all affect the amount of water needed by any individual rose plant. To the best of your ability, do not let your plants dry out and wilt. Wilt equals stress which results in pest and disease susceptibility.
  • Remove or “deadhead,” spent blossoms just after the petals begin to fall (or very shortly thereafter). Using sharp pruners, make a cut, at a 45° angle from the stem, approximately ¼” above a leaf set (usually a set of 5 leaflets). Continue this practice during the growing season to signal to the plant to continue to produce more flowers.
  • Discontinue fertilizing and deadheading your plant about 6 weeks before the 1st frost is expected (the end of the growing season)—this will “harden off” the plant before it goes dormant for the winter. As an annual practice, some folks begin hardening off their roses in late August.
  • Continue to water into fall until the rains arrives.
  • Once night temperatures drop into the low 30s, it’s time to winterize your plants. Hybrid tea and floribunda roses benefit from moderately pruning them to approximately waist high. Don’t be concerned about over pruning, as spindly tender young canes that result from light pruning will get beat up by spring rains anyway! In late February/early March you will prune the rose bush to 12”-18” height (see the next section titled ‘Pruning’). Remove any remaining foliage, since what is left on the plant may harbor pest and disease.
  • As a piece of the winterization process, many people sprinkle lime around the base of their plants to maintain soil pH throughout winter. It is also at this time a thick layer of mulch is often applied. BE SURE to pull the mulch away from the rose ‘crown’ in the spring.

PRUNING

Volumes have been written about the pruning of roses, and every gardener seems to have their own thoughts on the subject. One thing we all know is that no matter how you prune your rose plant, short of cutting it off below ground level, it will survive! That being said, mid to late February/early March (many folks keep President’s Day as a reminder) is the time to sharpen & clean those pruners and get to work.

NOTE: Climbers, once blooming tree and old garden roses require different pruning than hybrid teas and floribundas. Climbing roses that are trained to a horizontal position should only have the laterals (short, upright shoots coming out from the main canes) cut back to about 2 eye buds. Old, unproductive canes can also be removed. Generally speaking, no more than 1/3 of a climbing or shrub rose will be removed as a winterization practice. Old garden roses and other one-time bloomers produce flowers on old wood. Pruning should be very light with the focus being maintenance of shape and to remove old, unproductive wood. Pruning, therefore, should be done after the bloom cycle (versus in late winter as with hybrid teas and floribundas).

The following are some general guidelines for pruning hybrid tea, miniature and floribunda roses:

  • Step back to examine the entire plant, paying special attention to the bottom portion of the plant from which the canes originate (the bud union). Notice old and/or weak canes, as well as those that cross through the middle of the plant. It is good to tell yourself now that by the time you are finished, most of the upper-most portion of the plant will be removed—the goal is to remove all of the extraneous plant material, leaving only the strong, healthy canes.
  • Identify the youngest and strongest canes—they usually have a smooth surface and are green in color. Older canes become darker, greyer in color, rough of texture, and are generally not very productive. Those canes will need to be removed at their origin (the bud union), using a sharp pruning saw or loppers. Remove any stumps of old canes at this time, as well.
  • Remove any young canes that cross through the middle of the plant. Either take them back to the bud union, or back to the major cane from which they originate.
  • Remove canes that crowd one another—leave the stronger of the two present. Also remove any remaining twiggy growth.
  • If you haven’t already done it, remove any old leaves and be sure to clean them all up off the ground. Old foliage may harbor fungus, disease and insects just waiting to eat away at your plant!
  • If you applied a layer of mulch to roses during the winterization process, now is the time to move the mulch away from the ‘crown’ (the base) of the rose. Again, this allows for proper air circulation and to minimize an environment conducive to pests and disease. Step back as often as you need to in order to look at the plant. When you are done pruning, the result will be a strong plant with only the strongest canes emerging from the bud union The plant will be a nice, open vase shape.

Further pruning questions specific to your plant? Call or come in to your local Dennis’ 7 Dees Garden Center! Click here to view our 2012 Dennis 7 Dees 2012 Rose List.

Rosa “Royal Rosarian’ – Royal Rosarian Rose

27 Apr

By Stacie Palmer – Lead Planscaper at Dennis’ 7 Dees

Looking for the perfect Mother’s Day, Graduation, or Father’s Day present? Look no further. . .’Royal Rosarian’ rose is the answer!

‘Royal Rosarian’ rose,  is not only the official rose of the 2012 Portland Rose Festival, it is also sold exclusively at Dennis’ Seven Dees garden centers.  As the name would imply, this year’s rose is named for our very own Royal Rosarians.  The Royal Rosarians, a group of volunteers, are the official greeters and ambassadors of goodwill for the City of Portland.  2012 marks their 100th year of service.  What better way to commemorate this legendary group’s centennial than to name a rose after them? And what a rose it is! Four years in the making, ‘Royal Rosarian’ rose was developed by one of the top hybridizer in the country, Christian Bernard.

About this special rose: its petals are numerous, deep red, and resemble velvet. It’s lustrous deep green foliage is very disease resistant and sturdy. Numerous clusters of flowers are borne on each branch, and (added bonus) they are fragrant! As with many floribunda roses, ‘Royal Rosarian’ matures, on average, at 2’-4’ tall and has a thick, bushy appearance. Imagine, your beloved (treat yourself to one, too!) could enjoy masses of fragrant, velvety blossoms all summer until frost, year after year. Because this rose has a long vase life, holding up very well as a cut flower, it can easily be enjoyed indoors and shared with others.

For new and seasoned rose growers alike, this year we are offering the entire collection of official Rose Festival roses: ‘Falling In Love With The Rose Festival’ (2007), ‘Oregon Celebration’ (2008), ‘Dream Come True’ (2009), ‘Summertime Souvenir’ (2010), ‘Sweet Spotlight’ (2011), and ‘Royal Rosarian’ (2012). Limited quantities are available of this unique collection, so purchase and get yours planted now!

New at growing roses and need more information? Click Here.  Another great resource is the Portland Rose Society.

Raindrops on Roses… A Few of My Favorite Things

22 Mar

 By Linda Kay Harrison of Dennis’ 7 Dees

St. Patrick Rose - Image credit: Weeks Roses

So, you are looking for a plant that blooms profusely all summer long, is wonderfully fragrant, lasts well in a vase once cut, and comes back year after year, right?  The obvious choice for such a tall order is,… the rose. 

There are very few plants that can compete with the rose when it comes to beautiful, fragrant blooms that last.  And despite what you have heard, roses can actually be quite low maintenance.   With a good stout pruning once a year, and an early dose of preventative antifungal, your roses will flourish and produce lovely flowers all summer and into fall, often until frost.

One of my favorite roses for long lasting blooms is the St. Patrick rose.  This yellow hybrid tea has the longest lasting flowers I have ever seen.  Each bloom can last up to 3 weeks on the plant, and 2 weeks cut!  St. Patrick starts out as a green bud that swirls open to a chartreuse bloom that turns to a bright, bold yellow.  This is an amazing rose. 

Full Sail Rose - Image credit: Weeks Roses

Another favorite for holding its blooms longer is Full Sail.  White roses tend to fade quickly due to the lack of pigment in the petals, and they are not terribly fragrant.  But Full Sail has crisp, bright white petals that keep their shape much longer than other white roses, and WOW, is it fragrant!  One sniff and you’ll feel like you’re sailing through the Spice Islands.

When it comes to great roses, we have them all, and the staff to help you pick exactly the right rose for you.  Stop by Dennis 7 Dees and check out our selection of Roses.  We have the largest selection in the area, over 400 different varieties available!

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